The Rules of the Game
Footvolley is a sport practiced by two teams, composed of two players in each team, on a court divided into two halves by a net. After serving, the team has a maximum of 3 hits, not consecutive by the same athlete, before passing the ball back to the opponent's court. The game aims to throw the ball over the net to the opponent's field, so that the opposing pair cannot return it or let it touch the ground.
The sport is traditionally practiced in a sand court with measures of 9 x 18 meters, divided by a net with 2,20 meters in height for men and 2,10 for women. The ball is composed of a flexible and waterproof material for greater control and durability. In the most popular models, the suggested calibration is 8 lbs.
The technical fundamentals of footvolley are: serve, reception, lift, attack and defense. For the execution of these fundamentals, the use of any part of the body is allowed, with the exception of the hands and arms, the priority being the use of the feet, chest and head.
Matches are usually played in sets of 18 points, with no advantage. To win a set, a team must earn 18 points, with a margin of at least 2 points and a limit of 21 points. To win a match, one of the teams must win 2 sets and, in the case of a tie in sets, a third set of 15 points, with a limit of 18 points, is played to define the winning team.
In the stages of the WFL (World Footvolley League), some rules were adapted in order to standardize the matches and make them even more attractive. The main ones are:
- Court with measures of 8 x 16 meters, resulting in a greater number of rallys;
- Net with a height of 2,18 meters for men, for adaptation to the reduced court;
- Sets of 15 points (limit of 18 points) and 11 points in case of third set (limit of 15 points).
In a recreational aspect, footvolley enjoys variations in format, surface and game dynamics. The sport can be practiced between teams composed of three or four players each side, as well as on surfaces of grass, cement or clay. Games such as net, altinha and futmesa have also become increasingly popular alternatives.